Miller Springs Plant Survey

Plant Identifications by

William Carr, Thomas Robbins and Ralph Hicks

1994

Invasive Plants of the Miller Springs Nature Center

by C. Newsom

2016

Dangerous Plants of the Miller Springs Nature Center

by C. Newsom

2016

 

Native Plant Society of Texas

Austin and Williamson County Chapters

Links to central Texas plant lists

 

Family Quick Links

Species List

Forms Key:

H=Herb, F=Forb, S=Shrub, T=Trees, V=V=Vine; A=Annual, P=Perennial; C=Cool Season Grass, W=Warm Season Grass

Habitats Key:

B=Basin, C=Canyon, R=Riparian, U=Upland

 

Division/Family/Genus/Species Common Name Forms Abundance Habitats
PTERIDOPHYTA
Polypodiaceae – Polypod Ferns
Adiantum capillus-veneris Maidenhair Fern H P Occasional C
Asplenium resiliens Ebony Spleenwort H P Occasional C
Cheilanthes alabamensis Alabama Lipfern H P Rare C
Cheilanthes horridula Rough Lipfern H P Rare C
Notholaena dealbata Powdery False Cloak Fern H P Rare C
Pellaea atropurpurea Purple Cliffbrake H P Rare C
Thelypteris kunthii Southern Shieldfern H P Rare C
aMONOCOTYLEDONEA
Cupressaceae – Cypress
Juniperus ashei Mountain Cedar S P Common U
Cyperaceae – Sedges
Carex amphibola Woodland Sedge H P Occasional C,R
Carex blanda White Sedge H P Rare C,R
Carex amphibola Woodland Sedge H P Occasional C,R
Carex cephalophora Smallhead Sedge H P Occasional C,R,U
Carex emoryi Emory Sedge H P Occasional C,R
Carex planostachys Cedar Sedge H P Occasional C,R
Eleocharis caribaea Annual Spikesedge H A Rare R
Eleocharis montividensis Perennial Spikesedge H P Occasional R
Poaceae (Gramineae) – Grasses
Andropogon glomeratus Bushy Bluestem W P Occasional R
Aristida longiseta Longawned Threeawn W P Occasional U
Aristida oligantha Prairie Threeawn W A Common U
Aristida purpurea Purple Threeawn W P Common U
Aristida wrightii Wright Threeawn W P Common U
Arundo donax(I) Giant Reed Grass W P Occasional R
Boutelous curtipendula Side-oats Grama W P Occasional U
Boutelous hirsuta Hairy Grama W P Rare U
Boutelous pectinata Tall Grama W P Rare U
Boutelous rigidiseta Texas Grama W P Occasional U
Bothriochloa ischaemum var. songarica(I) King Ranch Bluestem W P Common B, C, U
Bothriochloa saccharoides Silver Bluestem W P Common U
Bromus japonicus Japanene Brome C A Common B, U
Bromus unioloides Rescue Grass C A Common U
Buchloe dactyloides Buffalo Grass W P Occasional U
Cenchrus incertus Grassbur W A Common U
Chasmanthium latifolium Creek Oats W P Rare C, R
Cynodon dactylum Bermuda Grass W P Common U
Dichanthelium lindheimeri Lindheimer Dichanthelium C P Occasional C, R
Dichanthelium oligosanthes Scribner Dichanthelium C P Occasional C, R
Dichanthelium lindheimeri Cedar Dichanthelium C P Occasional C, U
Digitaris adscendens Crab Grass W A Common U
Echinochloa crusgalli Barnyard Grass W A Occasional U
Elymus canadensis Canada Wild Rye C P Rare C, P
Elymus virginicus Virginia Wild Rye C P Rare C, R
Eragrostis barrelieri Mediterranean Lovegrass W A Occasional B, R
Eriochloa sericea Silky Cupgrass W P Rare B, U
Erioneuron pilosum Hairy Tridens C P Occasional B, U
Hordeum pusillum Little Barley C A Common U
Leptochloa dubia Green Sprangletop W P Rare B, U
Leptochloa filiformis Red Sprangletop W P Rare B, U
Leptoloma cognatum Fall Witchgrass W P Common B, R, U
Limnodea arkansana Ozark Grass C A Rare U
Lolium perenne Perennial Rye Grass C P Occasional B, R
Huhlenbergia reverchonii Seep Muhly W P Rare U
Huhlenbergia schreberi Nimblewill W P Rare C
Panicum capillare Common Witch Grass W A Occasional U
Panicum obtusum Vine Mesquite W A Occasional
Paspalum dilatatum Dallas Grass W P Occasional B, R
Paspalum pubiflorum Hairyseed Paspalum W P Occasional R
Poa annua Annual Bluegrass C A Common B
Polypogon monspeliensis Rabbit-foot Grass C A Rare R
Schizachrium scoparium Little Bluestem C A Occasional C, U
Seteria lutescens?? Yellow Bristlegrass W A Rare C
Setaria scheelei Southwestern Bristlegrass W P Occasional C, R
Sorghum halpense Johnson grass W P Common B, C, R, U
Sporbolus asper Tall Dropseed W P Occasional U
Stipa leucotricha Texas Wintergrass C P Common B,C,R,U
Tridens albesens White Tridens W P Common B,U
Tridens flavus Purpletop W P Occasional B,U
Tridens muticus Slim Tridens W P Occasional B,U
Vulpis octoflora Sixweeks Grass C A Occasional U
Liliaceae – Lily Family
Allium canadense Canada Onion H P Occasional R
Allium drummondii Wild Onion H P Occasional U
Nothoscordum bivalve Crow Poison H P Common U
Smilax bona-nox Cat Briar V A Common B,C,R,U
Smilax rotundifolia Common Greenbriar V P Common B,C,R,U
Yucca rupicola Twistleaf Yucca H P Common U
Yucca pallida Blue Yucca H P Common U
Typhaceae – Aquatic Herbs
Typha domingensis Cattail H P Occasional B,R
DICOTYLEDONEA
Acanthaceae – Acanthus Family
Dicliptera brachiata Dicliptera H A Rare R
Ruellia drummondiana Drummond’s Petunia H P Occasional C,R
Ruellia humilis Low Petunia H P Common C,R,U
Ruellia nudiflora Tall Petunia H P Common C,R
Aceraceae – Maples
Acer negundo Boxelder Maple T P Occasional R
Amaranthaceae – Amaranth Family
Amaranthus retroflexus Pigweed H A Common R
Anacardiaceae – Cashew or Sumac Family
Rhus lanceolata Flameleaf Sumac T P Occasional C,U
Rhus trilobata Fragrant Sumac S P Rare C,U
Rhus virens Evergreen Sumac S P Rare C,U
Taxicodendron radicans Poison Ivy S P Common B,C,R,U
Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) – Carrot
Chaerophyllum tainturieri Chervil H A Rare B,C,R,U
Eryngium leavenworthii Leavenworth Eryngo H A Rare U
Hydrocotyle sp. Water Pennywort H P Rare B,R
Sanicula canadensis Canada Snakeroot H A Rare C,R
Spermolepis inermis Smooth Scaleseed H A
Torilis arvensis Hedge Parsley H A Common B,C,R,U
Apocynaceae – Dogbanes and Milkworts
Asclepias asperula Antelopehorn Milkweed H P Common U
Asclepias oenotheroides Hierba de Zizotes H P Rare U
Matelea biflora Creeping Milkvine H P Rare U
Matelea reticulata Pearl Milkvine H P Rare C,U
Vinca major(I) Periwinkle H P Occasional C
Aquifoliaceae – Hollies
Ilex decidua Deciduous Holly S P Common C,R
Ilex vomitoria Yaupon T P Rare R
Araceae – Arum family
Arisaema dracontium Green Dragon H P Rare C
Aristolochiaceae – Birthwort Family
Aristolochia serpentaria Virginia Pipevine V P Occasional C
Asteraceae – Asters, Daisies, Sunflowers
Ambrosia psilostachya Western Ragweed H A Common B,U
Ambrosia trifida Giant Ragweed H P Common B,U
Aster texanus Texas Aster H P Occasional C,R
Aster subulatus Slim Aster H A Occasional B,C,U
Aster prealtus Aster H P Occasional C,R
Baccharis neglecta Roosevelt Weed S P Common B
Bidens frondosa Stick Tights H A Occasional B,C
Calyptocarpus vialis Straggler Daisy H P Rare C,R
Cirsium texanum Texas Thistle F A Occasional U
Englemannia pinnatifida Englemann Daisy F P Common U
Erigeron strigosus Prairie Fleabane F P Occasional U
Eupatorium coelestinum Blue Mint Flower H P Rare B,U
Eupatorium serotinum Late Boneset H P Rare C
Evax prolifera Flathead Rabbittobacco F A Occasional U
Gaillardia pulchella Firewheel F A Rare B,U
Grindelia squarrosa Gumweed F P Rare B,U
Grindelia lanceolata Gumweed F P Common B,U
Gutierrezia texana Texas Broomweed F A Common U
Helianthus annuus Common Sunflower F A Occasional U
Heterotheca latifolia Camphor Goldenaster H A Common B,U
Hymenopappus scabiosaeus Old Plainsman F A Occasionally B,U
Hymenoyxs linearifolia Bitterweed F A Occasionally U
Hymenoyxs scaposa Bitterweed F P Occasionally U
Iva annua Sumpweed H A Occasionally B
Lactuca sp. Wild Lettuce H A Rare U,R
Liatris mucronata Gayfeather H P Rare U
Lindheimera texana Texas Star F A Rare C,U
Lygodesmia texana Texas Skeleton Plant H P Rare U
Palafoxia callosa Palafoxia H A Occasional B,U
Pinaropappus roseus Rock Lettuce H P Rare C,U
Pluchea purpurascens Marsh Fleabane H A Rare U
Pyrrhopappus multicaulis Texas Dandelion H A Common B,U
Ratibida columnaris Mexican Hat H P Occasionally U
Rudbeckia hirta Blackeyed Susan H A Occasionally U
Senecio imparipinnatus Butterweed H A Rare U
Solidago canadensis Goldenrod H P Occasionally B,R
Sonchus sp. Sow Thistle H A Occasionally U
Sonchus sp. Sow Thistle H A Occasionally U
Verbesina virginica Frostweed H P Common C,R,U
Vernonia baldwinii Ironweed H P Rare B
Viguiera dentata Plateau Goldeneye H P Common C
Xanthium strumarium Cocklebur H A Occasionally B,R
Berberidaceae – Barberries
Berberis trifoliolata Agarita S P Occasionally U
Nandina domestica Heavenly Bamboo S P Occasionally U
Boraginaceae – Forget-Me-Nots
Heliotropium tenellum White Heliotrope H A Occasionally U
Lithospermum incisum Fringed Puccoon H P Occasionally U
Lithospermum matamorense Matamoras Gromwell H A Occasionally C
Myosotis macrosperma Scorpiongrass H A Rare C
Nana jamaicense Fiddleleaf Nama H A Rare B
Nemophila phacelioides Blue Eyes H A Common C,R
Onosmodium bejariense Bexar Marbleseed H P Rare C
Phacelia congesta Blue Curls H A Occasional C,R,U
Cactaceae – Cactuses
Echinocereus reichenbachii Lace Cactus S P Rare C,U
Opuntia leptocaulis Pencil Cactus S P Occasional U
Opuntia macrohiza Plains Pricklypear S P Occasional U
Opuntia englelmannii Pricklypear S P Common U
Campanulaceae – Bellflowers
Triodanus perfoliata Venus Looking Glass H A Rare U
Caprifoliaceae – Honeysuckles
Lonicera albiflora White Honeysuckle S P Rare C,R,U
Lonicera japonica Japanese Honeysuckle V P Occasional B,C
Sambucus canadensis Elderberry S P Rare C,R
Symphoricarpos orbiculatus Coralberry S P Occasional C
Viburnum rufidulum Rusty Blackhaw T P Rare C,U
Caryophyllaceae – Pinks or Carnations
Arenaria benthamii Bentham sandwort H A Occasional U
Cerastium glomeratun Chickweed H A Common B,C,R,U
Silene antirrhina Sticky Catchfly H A Occasional U
Stellaria media Chickweed H A Common U
Celastraceae – Staff Vines or Bittersweets
Euonymus atropurpureus Wahoo, Burningbush T P Occasional U
Chenopodiaceae – Goosefoots
Chenopodium sp. Goosefoot H Rare B
Commelinaceae – Dayflowers or Spiderworts
Comelina erecta Tall Dayflower H P Occasional C,R,U
Commelinantia anomala Widows’ Tears H A Common C,U
Tradescantia occidentalis Western Spiderwort H P Common C,R
Convolvulaceae – Bindweed or Morning Glories
Convolvulus sepium Hedge Bindweed H P Rare B
Convolvulus equitans native Bindweed H P Occasional U
Dichondra carolinense Pony Foot H P Occasional B,C,R,U
Cornaceae – Dogwoods
Cornus drumondii Roughleaf Dogwood T P Occasional C,T
Crassulaceae – Stonecrops or Orpines
Sedum nuttallianum Yellow Stonecrop H P Common U
Sedum pulchellum Pink Stonecrop H A Occasional U
Cruciferae
Arabis petiolaris Rock Cress H A Occasional U
Capsella bursa—pastoris Shepherd’s Purse H A Common B,U
Draba cuneifolia Wedgeleaf Draba H A Common B,U
Lepidium austrinum Southern Pepperweed H A Common U
Lepidium virginicum Virginia Pepperweed H A Common B,U
Nasturtium officinale Watercress H A Occasional C
Cucurbitaceae – Gourds
Cucurbita foetidissima Stinking Gourd V P Common B,U
Ibervillea lindheimeri Balsam Gourd V P Rare U
Ebenaceae – Ebonies and Persimmons
Diospyros texana Texas Persimmon T P Common U
Euphorbiaceae – Spurges
Acalypha lindheimeri Copperleaf H P Rare U
Argythamnia humilis Low Wildmercury H P Rare B
Croton monanthogynus Doveweed H A Common B,U
Euphorbia cyathophora Wild Poinsettia H A Rare C
Euphorbia dentata Toothed Euphorbia H A Occasional B,U
Euphorbia marginata Snow on the Prairie H A Common U
Phyllanthus polygonoide Knotweed Leafflower H P Rare U
Tragia brevispica Climbing Noseburn H P Occasional U
Tragia ramosa Common Noseburn H P Common C,R,U
Fabaceae (Leguminosae) – Legume, Bean or Pea Family
Astragalus nuttallianus Nuttall milkvetch H A Occasional U
Cercis canadensis texensis Texas Redbud T P Occasional C,U
Dalea aurea Golden Dalea H P Occasional U
Dalea compacta Purple Prairie Clover H P Rare B
Desmodium paniculatum Tall Tickseed H P Common U
Desmanthus velutinus Bundleflower H P Occasional U
Lespedeza texana Bush Clover H P Occasional C
Lupinus texenis Bluebonnet H A Occasional U
Medicago minima Bur Medic H A Common B,U
Medicago polymorpha Bur Clover H A Common U
Melilotus indicus Yellow Sweetclover H A Occasional B,U
Prosopis glandulosa Honey Mesquite T P Common C,R,U
Rhynchosia sp. Snoutbean V P Rare R
Sesbania macrocarpa Slenderpod Sesbania H A Occasional R
Sophora affinis Eve’s necklace S P Occasional U
Vicia leavenworthii Leavenworth Vetch H A Common C,U
Fagaceae – Beeches and Oaks
Quercus buckleyi Texas Oak T P Common C,R,U
Quercus fusiformis Plateau Live Oak T P Common C,R,U
Quercus macrocarpa Bur Oak T P Occasional C,R
Quercus sinuata Scaly—Bark Oak T P Common C,U
Quercus stellata Post Oak T P Rare C,U
Gentianaceae – Gentians
Centaurium beyrichii Mountain Pink H A Rare U
Geraniaceae – Geraniums
Geranium carolinianum Wild Geranium H A Common U
Erodium cicutarium Storksbill Geranium H A Occasional B,U
Erodium texanum Texas Pinclover H A Occasional U
Juglandaceae
Carya illinoinensis Pecan T P Common C,R
Juglans nigra Eastern Black Walnut T P Occasional C,R
Lamiaceae (Labiatae)
Brazoria scutellarioides Prairie Brazoria H A Occasional U
Hedeoma acinoides Annual Pennyroyal H A Occasional C
Lamium amplexicaule Henbit H A Common U
Harrubium vulgare Common Horehound H P Occasional B,R,U
Honarda sp. Beebalm H P Common B
Salvia roemeriana Cedar Sage H P Occasional C,U
Scutellaria drummondii Drummond skullcap H A Rare C,U
Scutellaria ovata Eggleaf Skullcap H A Occasional C
Stachys crenata Shade Betony H A Occasional C
Teucrium canadense Germander H P Rare C
Linaceae – Flaxes
Linum rupestre Rock Flax H A Rare U
Loasaceae
Hentzelia oligosperma Chickenthief H P Occasional U
Lythraceae
Ammannia coccinea Tooth Cup H A Rare R
Malvaceae – Mallows
Abutilon fruticosum Indian Mallow H P Occasional U
Malvaviscus arboreus Turk’s Cap Mallow S P Occasional C,R
Sida abutifolia Creeping Sida H O Occasional B,U
Sida rhombifolia Eiamondleaf Sida S P Occasional B,C
Meliaceae – Mahogany family
Melia azedarach Chinaberry T P Occasional B,C,R,U
Menispermaceae – Moonseeds
Cocculus carolinus Carolina Snailseed V P Occasional B,C,R,U
Moraceae – Mulberries and Figs
Maclura pomifera Bois d’Arc T P Occasional C,U
Morus microphylla Littleleaf Mulberry T P Rare C
Morus rubra Red Mulberry T P Occasional C,R
Nyctaginaceae – Four O’Clock Family
Boerhavia coccinea Scarlet Spiderling H P Common B
Mirabilis dumetorum Rock Four O’Clock H P Rare C
Mirabilis lindheimeri Wild Four O’clock H P Rare C
Oleaceae – Olives
Forestiera pubescens Elbowbush T P Common C,U
Fraxinus pensylvanica Green Ash T P Occasional C,R
Fraxinus texensis Texas Ash T P Common C,U
Ligustrum japonicum(I) Japanese privet S P Occasional C,R
Onagraceae – Willowherbs and Evening Primroses
Calylophus berlandieri Squarebud Primrose H P Rare U
Gaura parviflora Lizardtail Gaura H A Rare B
Gaura sp. Gaura H Occasional U
Ludwigia palustris Willow Primrose H Occasional R
Oenothera speciosa Pink Primrose H P Occasional C,U
Oenothera triloba Stemless Primrose H P Occasional U
Oxalidaceae – Wood Sorrels
Oxalis dillenii Yellow Sourclover H P Occasional C,U
Oxalis drummondii Purple Wood Sorrel H P Occasional C,R,U
Papaveraceae – Poppies
Argemone albiflora White Pricklypoppy H A Occasional C,U
Passifloraceae – Passionflowers
Passiflora lutea Yellow Passionflower V P Rare C
Phytolacceae – Pokeweed
Rivina humilis Pigeonberry V P Common C,R
Plantaginaceae (=Callitrichaceae) – Plantains and Starworts
Callitriche heterophylla Water Starwort H A Occasional C
Plantago helleri Heller Plantain H A Common U
Plantago rhodosperma Redseed Plantain H A Common B,U
Plantanaceae – Planetrees
Platanus occidentalis Sycamore T P Common C,R
Polygonaceae – Buckwheats
Polygonum aviculare Knotweed H A Occasional B
Persicaria sp. Smartweed H Occasional R
Rumex sp. Tall Dock H P Common B,U
Polemoniaceae – Flaxes
Ipomopsis rubra Standing Cypress H A Occasional U
Portulacaceae – Purslanes
Portulaca mundula Shaggy Portulaca H A Occasional B
Primulaceae – Primroses
Samolus cuneatus Brooklime H A Occasional C
Samolus parviflorus Smallflower Brooklime H P Occasional C
Ranunculaceae – Buttercups
Anemone berlandieri (heterophylla) Ten Petal Anemone H P Common U
Aquilegia canadensis Canada Columbine H P Common C
Clematis pitcheri Leatherflower V P Rare C,U
Rhamnaceae – Buckthorn
Berchemia scandens Ten Petal Anemone V P Rare C,R
Rhamnus caroliniana Carolina Buckthorn T P Rare C,R
Rosaceae – Rose
Geum canadense White Avens F P Common C,R,U
Prunus mexicana Mexican Plum T P Occasional C,R
Rubus trivialis Southern Dewberry S P Occasional B,C
Rubiaceae – Madder
Galium aparine Clingon Bedstraw H A Occasional C,R,U
Galium texense Texas Bedstraw H A Common U
Galium virgatum Ward Bedstraw H A Occasional U
Hedyotis nigricans Baby’s Breath H P Common B,U
Rutaceae – Rues
Ptelea trifoliata Wafer Ash T P Rare C,U
Zanthoxylum hirsutum Toothache Tree T P Occasional C,U
Salicaceae – Willows
Populus deltoides Eastern Cottonwood T P Common C,R
Salix nigra Black Willow T P Common C,R
Sapindaceae – Soapberries
Sapindus saponaria Western Soapberry T P Occasional C,R,U
Ungnadia speciosa Mexican Buckeye T P Occasional C,R
Sapotaceae – Sapodillas
Buelia lanuginosa Gum Elastic T P Occasional B,C,R,U
Scrophulariaceae – Figworts
Agalinis heterophylla Prairie Gerardia H A Occasional U
Linaria texana Texas Toadflax H A Rare U
Hecardonia vandellioides Yellow Mecardonia H P Rare ?
Maurandya antirrhiniflora Snapdragon Vine V P Rare C
Verbascum thapsus Flannel Mullein H A Occasional B,U
Veronica peregrina Wandering Speedwell H A Occasional B,R
Solanaceae – Potatoes
Physalis sp. Ground Cherry H P Rare B
Solanum dimidiatum Western Horsenettle H P Common B,C,U
Solanum elaeagnifolium Silverleaf Nightshade H P Common B,U
Solanum rostratum Buffalo Bur H A Rare B,U
Solanum triquetrum Texas Nightshade H P Common C,R
Styracaceae – Snowballs
Styrax texana Texas Silverbells T P Rare R
Ulmaceae – Elms
Celtis laevigata Sugar Hackberry T P Common B,C,R,U
Celtis reticulata Netleaf Hackberry T P Occasional C,R,U
Ulmus americana American Elm T P Occasional C,R
Ulmus crassifolia Cedar Elm T P Common C,R,U
Urticaceae – Nettles
Boehmeria cylindrica False Nettle H P Rare R
Parietaria obtusa Rock Pellitory H A Rare B,C,R
Urtica chamaedryoides Stinging Nettle H A Occasional B,U
Valerianaceae – Valerians
Valerianella stenocarpa Corn Salad H A Common B,C,U
Verbenaceae – Verbena
Callicarpa americana American Beautyberry S P Rare C,R
Phyla incisa Frogfruit H P Occasional B,U
Verbena bipinnatifida Dakota Vervain H A Occasional U
Verbena canescens Gray Vervain H P Rare U
Verbena halei Texas Vervain H P Rare U
Verbena pumila Low Vervain H A Rare U
Verbena scabra Roughleaf Vervain H P Rare R
Violaceae – Violets
Hybanthus verticillatus Green Violet H P Occasional R,U
Viola missouriensis Missouri Violet H P Occasional C,R
Viscaceae – Christmas Mistletoes
Phoradendron tomentosum Amer. mistletoe H A Common C,U
Vitaceae – Grapes
Ampelopsis arborea Peppervine V P Common C,R
Ampelopsis cordata Grapeleaf Ampelopsis V P Occasional C,R
Cissus incisa Ivy Treebine V R Rare C,R
Parthenocissus heptaphylla Sevenleaf Creeper V P Rare C,U
Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper V P Common C,U
Vitis mustangensis Mustang Grape V P Occasional B,C,R,U
Vitis berlandieri Spanish Grape V P Rare C
Vitis monticola Sweet Mountain Grape V P Rare C,U
Zygophyllaceae – Creosote-Bushes
Kallstroemia parviflora Longbeak Carpetweed H A Rare B